Retaining walls are an ancient invention. For many thousands of years ago, people grew grapes, tea and other crops on the hilly foothills. To do this, he equipped terraces, and to strengthen the treacherous mountain slopes, he built retaining walls.
Regardless of what purpose the retaining wall serves, it consists of four parts:
- The foundation is the underground part of the wall.
- The body is the aboveground part of the supporting structure.
- Drainage and drainage necessary to increase the strength of the retaining wall.
The foundation, drainage and drainage system perform exclusively technical functions. And the body is also capable of solving aesthetic problems. But for this, first of all it is necessary to choose the form of retaining walls. And then determine the dimensions – height, width, length, as well as the number of walls and the materials from which you want to make them.
Having decided on these parameters, it is most reliable to turn to the services of builders and engineers for a commercial offer. Having made the appropriate calculations, they will offer specific designs of the body of the wall and the rest of its parts. But you can also use standard designs.
What are retaining walls for?
Retaining walls are structures that hold the soil of the slope of embankments and recesses from collapse. Their purpose is to organize space on rough terrain and improve the aesthetic qualities of gardens and parks.
In addition, the walls are often used when laying park paths, arranging sports, children’s and view areas, and sometimes just for beauty. In regions not rich in mountains, retaining walls often create the illusion of relief: with their help, you can emphasize the existing height difference in the territory. Depending on the task performed by retaining walls, they are divided into reinforcing and decorative.
The choice of wall parameters depends on the specific design and engineering tasks and the taste and imagination of the owner of the site. And also, the style of the garden: you can lay down a baroque wall, modern, high-tech style (most often it is painted concrete) and so on.